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Bush, Clinton, Bush: Twenty Years of Merger Enforcement at the Federal Trade Commission

34 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2008 Last revised: 2 Oct 2009

Malcolm B. Coate

U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Date Written: September 29, 2009

Abstract

The Hart Scott Rodino program, coupled with the modern Merger Guidelines, has structured merger enforcement for the last twenty years. This paper tabulates and evaluates information from Federal Trade Commission merger reviews. While horizontal mergers predominate, vertical, potential competition and monopsony cases are represented in the sample. Over the years, the Commission has studied mergers in a broad range of industries, including branded consumer products, chemicals, hospitals, drugs, oil, and retailing. Some evolution in the theories of concern actually used is observed, along with changes in the efficiency reviews. A statistical model identifies the factors that drive the enforcement process.

Keywords: Merger Policy, Federal Trade Commission, unilateral effects, collusion

JEL Classification: K21, L40

Suggested Citation

Coate, Malcolm B., Bush, Clinton, Bush: Twenty Years of Merger Enforcement at the Federal Trade Commission (September 29, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1314924 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1314924

Malcolm B. Coate (Contact Author)

U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) ( email )

601 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20580
United States

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