Progress in Participation in Tertiary Education in India from 1983 to 2004

47 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Mehtabul Azam

Mehtabul Azam

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Andreas Blom

World Bank

Date Written: December 1, 2008

Abstract

Using nationally representative household surveys, this paper examines the trends in attainment, enrollment, and access to tertiary (higher) education in India from 1983 to 2005. The findings suggest that there has been considerable progress in attainment and participation; however, they remain low. Important gaps exist in enrollment between rich and poor, rural and urban areas, men and women, disadvantaged groups and the general population, and states. Analysis of transition rates from secondary education to tertiary education and regression analysis indicate that inequality intertiary education between disadvantaged groups and the general population is explained by low completion rates of secondary education. Inequality in tertiary education related to income, gender, rural residence, and between states is explained by: (i) differences in completion rates of secondary education, and (ii) differences in the probability of transitioning from secondary education to tertiary education. In particular, the importance of household income has grown markedly. Equitable expansion of secondary education is therefore critical for improving the equity of tertiary education. There is also a need to help qualified youth from low-income families and rural backgrounds to attend tertiary education, in particular the technical and engineering streams, in which participation is lower.

Keywords: Access & Equity in Basic Education, Tertiary Education, Gender and Education, Teaching and Learning, Primary Education

Suggested Citation

Azam, Mehtabul and Blom, Andreas, Progress in Participation in Tertiary Education in India from 1983 to 2004 (December 1, 2008). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4793, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1315614

Mehtabul Azam (Contact Author)

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater ( email )

Stillwater, OK 74078-0555
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Andreas Blom

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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