Fiscal Effects of Minimum Wages - An Analysis for Germany
32 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2008
Date Written: November 1, 2008
Against the background of the current discussion on the introduction of statutory minimum wages in Germany, this paper analyzes the potential employment and fiscal effects of such a policy. Based on estimated labor demand elasticities obtained from a structural labor demand model, the empirical results imply that the introduction of minimum wages in Germany will be associated with significant employment losses that are concentrated among marginal and low- and semi-skilled full-time workers. Even though minimum wages will lead to increased public revenues from income taxes and social security benefits, they will result in a significant fiscal burden, due to increased expenditures for unemployment benefits and decreased revenues from corporate taxes.
Keywords: Minimum wages, employment, public budget, fiscal effects
JEL Classification: H60, J31, J88
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