What is the Riskfree Rate? A Search for the Basic Building Block

33 Pages Posted: 18 Dec 2008 Last revised: 1 Jul 2009

See all articles by Aswath Damodaran

Aswath Damodaran

New York University - Stern School of Business

Date Written: December 14, 2008


In corporate finance and valuation, we start off with the presumption that the riskfree rate is given and easy to obtain and focus the bulk of our attention on estimating the risk parameters of individuals firms and risk premiums. But is the riskfree rate that simple to obtain? Both academics and practitioners have long used government security rates as riskfree rates, though there have been differences on whether to use short term or long-term rates. In this paper, we not only provide a framework for deciding whether to use short or long term rates in analysis but also a roadmap for what to do when there is no government bond rate available or when there is default risk in the government bond. We look at common errors that creep into valuations as a consequence of getting the riskfree rate wrong and suggest a way in which we can preserve consistency in both valuation and capital budgeting.

Keywords: riskfree rate, cost of equity, discount rate, valuation

JEL Classification: G11. G12, G31

Suggested Citation

Damodaran, Aswath, What is the Riskfree Rate? A Search for the Basic Building Block (December 14, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1317436 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1317436

Aswath Damodaran (Contact Author)

New York University - Stern School of Business ( email )

Stern School of Business
44 West 4th Street
New York, NY 10012-1126
United States
212-998-0340 (Phone)
212-995-4233 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.damodaran.com

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