The Military and the Environment in the United States: Exemptions, Injunctions, and Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council

Review of European Community & International Environmental Law, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 100-103, April 2009

FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 331

4 Pages Posted: 18 Dec 2008 Last revised: 3 Feb 2013

Date Written: May 22, 2009

Abstract

This short piece reviews the background of and the U.S. Supreme Court's November 2008 decision in Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, which challenged the Navy's use of its mid-frequency active sonar (MFAS) in fourteen military training exercises off the coast of southern California. It concludes that despite possible readings of the case that would generally limit the availability of injunctions in environmental cases, especially cases under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the case is best read as the latest articulation of the Supreme Court's belief that military readiness activities are "special" when it comes to forced compliance with the federal environmental laws.

Keywords: Winter v. NRDC, sonar, Navy, military, NEPA, National Environmental Policy Act, injunction, public interest

Suggested Citation

Craig, Robin Kundis, The Military and the Environment in the United States: Exemptions, Injunctions, and Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council (May 22, 2009). Review of European Community & International Environmental Law, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 100-103, April 2009, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 331, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1317849

Robin Kundis Craig (Contact Author)

USC Gould School of Law ( email )

699 Exposition Boulevard
Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States

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