Does Post-Accident Drug Testing Reduce Injuries? Evidence from a Large Retail Chain
Alison D. Morantz
Department of Economics and Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
American Law and Economics Review, Vol. 10, Issue 2, pp. 246-302, 2008
This study examines the effects on occupational injury claims of a recently implemented post-accident drug testing (PADT) program in a large retail chain. We find that claims have fallen significantly in affected districts, suggesting that PADT programs can reduce injury claims, even in workplaces that already utilize other forms of drug testing. Our results also suggest that some types of employees-such as full-time workers, male workers, and higher-tenure workers-are particularly responsive. Finally, we find some “circumstantial evidence” that a portion of the observed decline could be caused by employees’ reduced willingness to report workplace accidents.
Keywords: D21, H11, H51, H73, H75, I18, I38, J32, J33, J38, J81, J88, K00, K13, K31, K32, L51, M50, M52
Date posted: December 31, 2008