Cultural Transmission of Work-Welfare Attitudes and the Intergenerational Correlation in Welfare Receipt

41 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2008

See all articles by Juan D. Baron

Juan D. Baron

Central Bank of Colombia (Banco de la República); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Deborah A. Cobb-Clark

School of Economics, University of Sydney; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Nisvan Erkal

University of Melbourne - Faculty of Business and Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

This paper considers the potential for the cultural transmission of attitudes toward work, welfare, and individual responsibility to explain the intergenerational correlation in welfare receipt. Specifically, we investigate whether 18-year olds' views about social benefits and the drivers of social inequality depend on their families' welfare histories. We begin by incorporating welfare receipt into a theoretical model of the cultural transmission of work-welfare attitudes across generations. Consistent with the predictions of our model, we find that young people's attitudes towards work and welfare are shaped by socialization within their families. Young people are more likely to oppose generous social benefits and adopt an internal view of social inequality if their mothers support these views, if their mothers were employed while they were growing up, and if their families never received welfare. These results are consistent with - though do not definitively establish - the existence of an intergenerational welfare culture.

Keywords: cultural transmission, attitudes, intergenerational welfare receipt

JEL Classification: I38, H31, Z1

Suggested Citation

Baron, Juan D. and Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. and Erkal, Nisvan, Cultural Transmission of Work-Welfare Attitudes and the Intergenerational Correlation in Welfare Receipt. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3904. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1318863

Juan D. Baron (Contact Author)

Central Bank of Colombia (Banco de la República) ( email )

Bogotá
Colombia

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Deborah A. Cobb-Clark

School of Economics, University of Sydney ( email )

606 Social Sciences Bldg. (A02)
The University of Sydney
Sydney, NSW 2006
Australia
61435061387 (Phone)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Nisvan Erkal

University of Melbourne - Faculty of Business and Economics ( email )

Victoria, 3010
Australia
+61 3 8344 3307 (Phone)
+61 3 8344 6899 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.nisvanerkal.net

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
32
Abstract Views
434
PlumX Metrics