50 Years of Trade Policy: Good Enough or as Good as it Gets?
Irish Journal of European Law, Vol. 15, Nos. 1 & 2, pp. 157-182, 2008
27 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2008 Last revised: 19 Mar 2009
Date Written: March 18, 2009
Some people may argue that EC trade policy is doing well as it is. Others may believe that, given the nature of the EC, it cannot get any better, and there will always be tensions as a result of the unique nature of the EC in the world trading system. This Article deals with the evolution of the EC's common commercial policy competence through the years, starting with the European Economic Community (EEC), moving on to the necessary changes brought by the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement, signed in Marrakesh in 1994, until the days of the Reform Treaty, with a view to enabling the EC with a coherent trade policy within the WTO framework. Thus, a legal analysis of EC trade policy in the pre-Amsterdam Treaty period, at the Treaty of Amsterdam, at the Treaty of Nice, the European Convention period, and the Reform Treaty is provided, taking into account the most recent constitutional developments of division of competences between the EC and its Member States.
Keywords: EC trade competence, Amsterdam Treaty, Nice Treaty, Constitutional Treaty, Lisbon Treaty
JEL Classification: K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation