The Effects of Capacity on Sales Under Alternative Vertical Contracts
45 Pages Posted: 29 Dec 2008 Last revised: 5 Jun 2021
Date Written: December 2008
Retailer capacity decisions can impact sales for products by affecting, for example, availability and visibility. Using data from the U.S. video rental industry, we report estimates of the effect of capacity on sales. New monitoring technologies facilitated new supply contracts in this industry, which lowered the upfront costs of capacity and required minimum capacity purchases, strongly impacting stocking decisions. Under the traditional supply contract, capacity costs $44 per tape (avg) and the marginal tape produces 10.4 to 18.0 additional rentals. Under the new contract, capacity costs $7 per tape (avg) and the marginal tape produces 0 to 4.9 additional rentals.
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