International Macroeconomic Fluctuations: A New Open Economy Macroeconomics Interpretation

HKIMR Working Paper No. 23/2008

45 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2009

See all articles by Soyoung Kim

Soyoung Kim

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jaewoo Lee

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department

Date Written: December 31, 2008

Abstract

This paper investigates international macroeconomic fluctuations in light of NOEM (New Open Economy Macroeconomics) models. A model with four major economic disturbances (technology shocks, labor supply shocks, preference shocks, and nominal shocks) is analytically solved to derive theoretical long-run identification restrictions. These restrictions are used to estimate a structural VAR model for the three largest economies (the U.S., the Euro Area, and Japan) over the post Bretton Woods period. The main findings are: (1) the signs of the dynamic responses are mostly consistent with theoretical predictions; (2) supply-side shocks (technology and labor supply shocks) explain most of the fluctuations in cross-country output deviations; (3) preference shocks are the dominant source of real exchange rate fluctuations; and (4) productivity shocks played a prominent role in the recent global imbalances (large U.S. external deficit), while the current account has usually been influenced by all four shocks, with no single shock dominant in all periods.

Keywords: New Open Economy Macroeconomics, Structural VAR

JEL Classification: F4

Suggested Citation

Kim, Soyoung and Lee, Jaewoo, International Macroeconomic Fluctuations: A New Open Economy Macroeconomics Interpretation (December 31, 2008). HKIMR Working Paper No. 23/2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1322382 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1322382

Soyoung Kim (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Jaewoo Lee

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States
202-623-7331 (Phone)
202-623-6334 (Fax)

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