Empowerment of Women: A Survey of Issues & Definitions
9 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2009
Date Written: January 8, 2009
Poverty is a multi-faceted phenomenon, defined as a situation in which a person lacks the necessary capabilities and entitlements to satisfy his or her basic needs and aspirations. From this point of view, the fight against poverty must consist in establishing entitlements that will allow the poor access to the material, social, and spiritual means to develop their capabilities. Thus, it becomes necessary to focus on empowerment of the poor as the crucial requirement for a sustainable solution to poverty and hunger.
Empowerment (irrespective of gender) is defined here as the ability of people, in particular the least privileged - to: (a) have an access to productive resources that enable them to increase their earnings and obtain the goods and services they need and (b) participate in the development process and the decisions that affect them. These two aspects are related; one without the other is not empowerment. The most important factor for any escape from poverty and hunger is access to productive resources. For the rural poor, land and financial resources are of foremost importance, but technology, seeds and fertilizer, livestock and fisheries, irrigation, marketing opportunities, and off-farm employment are also essential.
Keywords: empowerment of women
JEL Classification: Z00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation