Download this Paper Open PDF in Browser

Unfreezing the Foundation Asset Landscape to Create a Liquid Capital Market (Arabic)

Perspektifs, pp. 138-143, 2008

3 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2009  

Maximilian Martin

University of St. Gallen

Arthur Wood


Date Written: June 1, 2008


This paper asks how foundation assets can be invested for greater social impact without sacrificing financial return objectives - for example, by investing in social enterprises. In organizing the socio-economic activity outside the public sector two options are generally available. At one end of the spectrum, businesses usually incorporate as privately held, profit-maximizing entities. At the other end, organizations that have a charitable purpose incorporate as non-profit entities. By giving up the profit motive and adopting a social purpose these non-profits are endowed with special privileges such as exemption from taxation in many jurisdictions. This fundamental differentiation has remained in place for several decades, during which the social sector has grown immensely in scale and ambition. Today it functions not only in niche areas, but also with support from private philanthropists and individuals is pushing the barriers of social service provision. Social enterprise has emerged as the new frontier and typically relies on market mechanisms to work toward goals that are not purely or even primarily financial. The paper argues for the development of program related investment friendly vehicles and discusses two examples.

Notes: Downloadable document is in Arabic.

Keywords: Philanthropy, foundations, program related investment

JEL Classification: L31

Suggested Citation

Martin, Maximilian and Wood, Arthur, Unfreezing the Foundation Asset Landscape to Create a Liquid Capital Market (Arabic) (June 1, 2008). Perspektifs, pp. 138-143, 2008. Available at SSRN:

Maximilian Martin (Contact Author)

University of St. Gallen ( email )

Tigerbergstrasse 2
St. Gallen, CH-9000

Arthur Wood

Ashoka ( email )

Arlington, VA 22209
United States

Paper statistics

Abstract Views