The Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: DEVELOPMENT AGENDAS IN A CHANGING WORLD, Pedro Roffe, ed., Edward Elgar Press: Oxford, 2009

12 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2009 Last revised: 12 Jul 2009

See all articles by Carolyn Deere Birkbeck

Carolyn Deere Birkbeck

Global Economic Governance Programme, University College, Oxford

Abstract

The approach taken by developing countries to intellectual property (IP) decision-making varies widely. This variation raises several questions: How do politics at the national level impact the prospects for development-oriented IP reforms? What kind of institutional frameworks would best ensure that public policy goals are integrated and advanced in IP policy and decision-making?

This chapter proceeds in three sections. Section 1 reviews the scope of IP issues demanding attention at the national level, highlighting the diversity of national approaches to the process and organization of IP decision-making. In Section 2, I focus on six aspects of variation: (i) the presence of public policy frameworks for IP decision-making; (ii) the location and organization of IP offices within government; (iii) coordination within government; (iv) coordination of enforcement efforts; (v) processes for public consultation and participation; and (vi) the administration of copyright laws. Section 3 concludes by briefly reviewing the challenges that developing countries face in advancing national IP reforms, suggesting several elements critical to development-oriented IP decision-making.

Keywords: TRIPS, WIPO, intellectual property, reform, governance, patent, copyright, implementation, compliance, politics, developing countries, development agenda

JEL Classification: F13, F53, F53, F59, K33, L38, L31, O19, O33, O34

Suggested Citation

Deere Birkbeck, Carolyn, The Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: DEVELOPMENT AGENDAS IN A CHANGING WORLD, Pedro Roffe, ed., Edward Elgar Press: Oxford, 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1325044

Carolyn Deere Birkbeck (Contact Author)

Global Economic Governance Programme, University College, Oxford ( email )

University College
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Oxford, OX1 4BH
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+41 79 318 2021 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/carolyn-deere-birkbeck

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