The Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: DEVELOPMENT AGENDAS IN A CHANGING WORLD, Pedro Roffe, ed., Edward Elgar Press: Oxford, 2009
12 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2009 Last revised: 12 Jul 2009
The approach taken by developing countries to intellectual property (IP) decision-making varies widely. This variation raises several questions: How do politics at the national level impact the prospects for development-oriented IP reforms? What kind of institutional frameworks would best ensure that public policy goals are integrated and advanced in IP policy and decision-making?
This chapter proceeds in three sections. Section 1 reviews the scope of IP issues demanding attention at the national level, highlighting the diversity of national approaches to the process and organization of IP decision-making. In Section 2, I focus on six aspects of variation: (i) the presence of public policy frameworks for IP decision-making; (ii) the location and organization of IP offices within government; (iii) coordination within government; (iv) coordination of enforcement efforts; (v) processes for public consultation and participation; and (vi) the administration of copyright laws. Section 3 concludes by briefly reviewing the challenges that developing countries face in advancing national IP reforms, suggesting several elements critical to development-oriented IP decision-making.
Keywords: TRIPS, WIPO, intellectual property, reform, governance, patent, copyright, implementation, compliance, politics, developing countries, development agenda
JEL Classification: F13, F53, F53, F59, K33, L38, L31, O19, O33, O34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation