The Political Economy of Village Sanitation in South India: Capture or Poor Information?

18 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Radu Ban

Radu Ban

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Monica Das Gupta

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Vijayendra Rao

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: December 1, 2008

Abstract

Despite efforts to mandate and finance local governments'provision of environmental sanitation services, outcomes remain poor in the villages surveyed in the four South Indian states. The analysis indicates some key issues that appear to hinder improvements in sanitation. Local politicians tend to capture sanitary infrastructure and cleaning services for themselves, while also keeping major village roads reasonably well-served. Their decisions suggest, however, that they neither understand the health benefits of sanitation, nor the negative externalities to their own health if surrounding areas are poorly served. Our findings suggest that improving sanitary outcomes requires disseminating information on the public goods nature of their health benefits, as well as on the local government's responsibilities. It also requires putting public health regulations in place, along with measures to enable accountability in service provision.

Keywords: Population Policies, Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Urban Services to the Poor, Urban Slums Upgrading, Hygiene Promotion and Social Marketing

Suggested Citation

Ban, Radu and Das Gupta, Monica and Rao, Vijayendra, The Political Economy of Village Sanitation in South India: Capture or Poor Information? (December 1, 2008). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, Vol. , pp. -, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1327271

Radu Ban (Contact Author)

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation ( email )

P.O. Box 23350
Seattle, WA 98102
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.gatesfoundation.org

Monica Das Gupta

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/mdasgupta

Vijayendra Rao

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-8034 (Phone)
202-522-1153 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://vijayendrarao.org

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