Scale, Diversity, and Determinants Of Labour Migration in Europe

Posted: 17 Jan 2009

See all articles by Anzelika Zaiceva

Anzelika Zaiceva

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO); UNU-MERIT; Maastricht University, Department of Economics; Free University Berlin; University of Bonn; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Journal of Population Economics

Date Written: Autumn 2008

Abstract

While global migration is increasing, internal EU migration flows have only increased slowly. This paper contributes to a better understanding of the determinants and scale of European migration. It surveys previous historical experiences and empirical findings including the recent Eastern enlargements. The determinants of migration before and after the 2004 enlargement and in the EU15 and EU10 countries are analysed using individual data on migration intentions. In addition, perceptions about the size of migration after the enlargement are studied. The potential emigrant from both old and new EU member states tends to be young, better educated and to live in larger cities. People from the EU10 with children are less likely to move after enlargement in comparison to those without family. There exists a correlation between individual perceptions about the scale of migration and actual flows. Better-educated and left-oriented individuals in the EU15 are less likely to perceive these flows as important.

Keywords: migration, EU east enlargement, migration intentions, determinants of labour migration, F22, J15, J61

Suggested Citation

Zaiceva, Anzelika and Zimmermann, Klaus F., Scale, Diversity, and Determinants Of Labour Migration in Europe (Autumn 2008). Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 428-452, 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1327658 or http://dx.doi.org/grn028

Anzelika Zaiceva (Contact Author)

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO) ( email )

Bonn
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UNU-MERIT ( email )

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Maastricht University, Department of Economics ( email )

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University of Bonn

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Journal of Population Economics

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