The World Wide Web of Science: Emerging Global Sources of Expertise

16 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2009

See all articles by Ralph Schroeder

Ralph Schroeder

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Alexandre Caldas

Centro de Gestão da Rede Informática do Governo (CEGER)

Shefali Virkar

University of Oxford

William H. Dutton

University of Southern California

Date Written: March 1, 2006

Abstract

The aim of this research project (ESRC RES-160-25-0031) was to assess whether and to what extent the Internet and the Web could be transforming access to sources of scientific expertise. There are competing theoretical perspectives, either for a concentration effect for the most heavily linked and accessed sites (driven by 'power laws' or a winner-takes-all effect) or for a greater diversification or 'democratization' of online resources. This led to a number of related questions, such as whether the Internet is associated with the use of more global versus local sources of expertise? Are there differences across disciplines? How central a role is the Internet playing in shaping access to information and expertise among scientists? In addition to these substantive questions, the project also sought to contribute to the development and application of Webmetric techniques, and their combination with in-depth interviews and focus groups. The project team found that this triangulation yielded greater insight into the role of the Internet in accessing different sources of expertise.

Keywords: internet, access to scientific information, webmetrics, knowledge

Suggested Citation

Schroeder, Ralph and Caldas, Alexandre and Virkar, Shefali and Dutton, William H., The World Wide Web of Science: Emerging Global Sources of Expertise (March 1, 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1328341 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1328341

Ralph Schroeder (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Alexandre Caldas

Centro de Gestão da Rede Informática do Governo (CEGER) ( email )

R. Almeida Brandão, 7
Lisboa, 1200-602
Portugal

Shefali Virkar

University of Oxford ( email )

Department of Politics and International Relations
Manor Road Building, Manor Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 3UQ
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://shefalivirkar.wordpress.com/

William H. Dutton

University of Southern California ( email )

3502 Watt Way #304
Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States

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