Factors Affecting Nurses' Decision to Get the Flu Vaccine

European Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 227-231, May 2009

Posted: 23 Aug 2009

See all articles by Shosh Shahrabani

Shosh Shahrabani

Emek Yezreel College - Department of Economics

Uri Ben-Zion

Technion-Israel Institute of Technology - The William Davidson Faculty of Industrial Engineering & Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Gregory Yom Din

Tel-Hai Academic College; Open University of Israel - Department of Management and Economics

Date Written: January 17, 2009

Abstract

The objective of the study is to identify factors that influence the decision whether or not to get the flu vaccine among nurses in Israel by using the Health Belief Model (HBM).

Methods: A questionnaire distributed among 299 nurses in Israel in winter 2005 /2006 included: (a) socio-demographic information, (b) variables based on the Health Belief Model (HBM), including susceptibility, seriousness, benefits, barriers and cues to action, and (c) knowledge about influenza and the vaccine, and health motivation. A probit model was used to analyze the data.

Results: In Israel, the significant HBM categories affecting nurses' decision to get a flu shot are the perceived benefits from vaccination and cues to action. In addition, nurses who are vaccinated have higher levels of: (a) knowledge regarding the vaccine and influenza, (b) perceived seriousness of the illness, (c) perceived susceptibility, and (d) health motivation than do those who do not get the vaccine.

Conclusions: Immunization of healthcare workers (HCW) may reduce the risk of flu outbreaks in all types of healthcare facilities and reduce morbidity and mortality among high-risk patients. In order to increase vaccination rates among nurses, efforts should be made to educate them regarding the benefits of vaccination and the potential health consequences of influenza for their patients, and themselves.

Keywords: Health Belief Model, Influenza, Vaccination, Nurses, Questionnaire

JEL Classification: I1

Suggested Citation

Shahrabani, Shosh and Ben-Zion, Uri and Yom Din, Gregory, Factors Affecting Nurses' Decision to Get the Flu Vaccine (January 17, 2009). European Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 227-231, May 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1329276

Shosh Shahrabani (Contact Author)

Emek Yezreel College - Department of Economics ( email )

Yezreel 19300
Israel

Uri Ben-Zion

Technion-Israel Institute of Technology - The William Davidson Faculty of Industrial Engineering & Management ( email )

Haifa 32000
Israel
(972-4) 829-4432 (Phone)
(972-4) 829-5688 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Gregory Yom Din

Tel-Hai Academic College ( email )

Upper Galilee
Galil Elyon, 12210
Israel

Open University of Israel - Department of Management and Economics ( email )

1 University Road
Raanana, 43107
Israel

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