Mothers' Quest for Job Protection: Building the Nest or Breaking the Glass Ceiling? Evidence Using Spanish Longitudinal Data

46 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2009

Date Written: January 20, 2009

Abstract

Previous research has found that temporary contracts delay marriage and fertility in Spain. Using newly released administrative data we study the motivations behind the fertility delay that is associated with job protection. We find that during the five years after the birth of the first child mothers in protected jobs promote less and their wages grow less (16 per cent) compared to mothers that had a fixed-term contract at the time of childbirth. The poor after-birth outcomes of mothers in protected jobs contrasts with their better performance before birth, with wages growing more rapidly than those of other women and other mothers. We provide evidence that a permanent contract acts as insurance against the negative wage effects of motherhood, but at the price of less wage growth. We also find that mothers that had a permanent contract at childbirth reduce their working time more, forgo opportunities of promotion outside the firm and have a lower return to each additional year of experience compared to mothers with a temporary contract. Our interpretation of these results is that job protection helps mothers conciliate work and family responsibilities rather than to achieve professional success.

Keywords: Family gap, motherhood, wages, job protection

JEL Classification: J13, J16, J31

Suggested Citation

Fernandez-Kranz, Daniel and Lacuesta, Aitor, Mothers' Quest for Job Protection: Building the Nest or Breaking the Glass Ceiling? Evidence Using Spanish Longitudinal Data (January 20, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1330386 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1330386

Daniel Fernandez-Kranz (Contact Author)

IE Business School ( email )

c/ Mª de Molina, 11
Madrid, 28006
Spain
(0034) 915689600 (Phone)

Aitor Lacuesta

Banco de España ( email )

Madrid 28014
Spain

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
64
Abstract Views
612
rank
361,585
PlumX Metrics