Borderless Bits: Electronic Globalization and its Social Consequences

Decision, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp.15-29

18 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2009 Last revised: 4 Sep 2014

Date Written: January 21, 2009


Globalization of services with the aid of electronic technologies - popularly called outsourcing or offshoring - has been accelerating. In this paper, the factors that drive electronic globalization - as distinct from factors that drive the general process of globalization - are discussed briefly. A simple model of a 2-firm USA-India dyad engaged in outsourcing relationships is presented to outline the economic basis for electronic globalization. By introducing wider political and cultural forces, progressively more complex views of the electronic globalization phenomenon are presented. Finally, the interplays of the economic, political, and cultural forces are explored to arrive at a deeper understanding of electronic globalization, and broader consequences and longer-term impacts are explored.

Keywords: IT, ICT, globalization, outsourcing, USA, India, offshoring, technology, services, center, periphery

JEL Classification: B24, F02, F23, L80, L96, M51, Z10

Suggested Citation

Dholakia, Nikhilesh, Borderless Bits: Electronic Globalization and its Social Consequences (January 21, 2009). Decision, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp.15-29, Available at SSRN: or

Nikhilesh Dholakia (Contact Author)

University of Rhode Island ( email )

Quinn Hall
55 Lower College Rd.
Kingston, RI 02881
United States

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