Transactional Sex as a Response to Risk in Western Kenya
42 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2009
Date Written: January 24, 2009
Formal and informal commercial sex work is a way of life for many poor women in developing countries. Though sex workers have long been identified as crucial in affecting the spread of HIV/AIDS, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, the nature of sex-for-money transactions remains poorly understood. Using a unique panel dataset constructed from 192 self-reported sex worker diaries which include detailed information on sexual behavior, labor supply, and health shocks, we find that sex workers adjust their supply of risky, better compensated sex to cope with unexpected health shocks, exposing themselves to increased risk of HIV infection. In particular, women are 3.1% more likely to see a client, 21.2% more likely to have anal sex, and 19.1% more likely to have unprotected sex on days in which a household member falls ill. Women also increase their supply of risky sex on days after missing work due to STI symptoms. Given that HIV prevalance has been estimated at 9.8% in this part of Kenya, these behavioral responses entail significant health risks for sex workers and their partners, and suggests that sex workers are unable to cope with risk through other formal or informal consumption smoothing mechanisms.
Keywords: consumption smoothing, HIV/AIDS, transactional sex
JEL Classification: O12, I10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation