Testing the Inverseness of Fertility and Labor Supply: The Case of Ethiopia

15 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2009  

Blen Solomon

Grand Valley State University - Department of Economics

Jean Kimmel

Western Michigan University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

We test the inverseness of fertility and labor supply for married women in Ethiopia to determine if previous research (focusing on developed countries) that has found an inverse relationship between fertility and labor supply is applicable to least developed countries. The research into fertility and labor supply has relied on a variety of methodologies for addressing the endogeneity of fertility. Using data from the Demographic Health Survey (DHS) of Ethiopia, we use the husband's desire for children to instrument for fertility. Our empirical results fail to support an inverse relationship between fertility and labor supply in Ethiopia, perhaps because the persistence of traditional family structures in the face of rising national female employment facilitates maternal employment. This finding has implications for other LDCs as well.

Keywords: labor supply, fertililty

JEL Classification: J13, J22

Suggested Citation

Solomon, Blen and Kimmel, Jean, Testing the Inverseness of Fertility and Labor Supply: The Case of Ethiopia. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3949. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1332590

Blen Solomon (Contact Author)

Grand Valley State University - Department of Economics ( email )

478c DeVos Center
Grand Rapids, MI 49504
United States

Jean Kimmel

Western Michigan University - Department of Economics ( email )

Kalamazoo, MI 49008
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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