Juvenile Justice in Australia: How Well Do We Comply with International Standards?
YOUTH JUSTICE 2008, MEASURING COMPLIANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS, University College Cork, Ireland, April 2008
20 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2009 Last revised: 4 Jan 2011
Date Written: April 1, 2009
This paper explores the different approaches to juvenile justice across Australian jurisdictions, and examines whether or not Australia is compliant with international standards. Compliance is assessed according to three principles: the use of imprisonment and detention as a last resort, the availability and use of diversion options, and the prohibition against racial discrimination. The paper includes an outline of potential improvements to diversionary strategies, and the need for legislation to provide clarity and consistency.
Keywords: Indigenous, Juvenile Justice, International standards, Diversion, Criminology
JEL Classification: K00, K14, K19
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation