The Bloody Millennium: Internal Conflict in South Asia

43 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2009

See all articles by Lakshmi Iyer

Lakshmi Iyer

Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit

Date Written: January 27, 2009

Abstract

This paper documents the short-term and long-term trends in internal conflict in South Asian countries, using multiple data sources. I find that incidents of terrorism have been rising across South Asia over the past decade, and this increase has been concentrated in economically lagging regions in the post-2001 period. This is in contrast to both the historical patterns of conflict, and the evolution of other types of violence. Analyzing the role of economic, geographic and demographic factors, I find that poorer areas have significantly higher levels of conflict intensity. The paper reviews the various approaches taken by governments to deal with conflict, contrasting security-based approaches with political accommodation and economic approaches. Finally, the paper reviews the potential role of regional cooperation in mitigating conflict.

Suggested Citation

Iyer, Lakshmi, The Bloody Millennium: Internal Conflict in South Asia (January 27, 2009). Harvard Business School BGIE Unit Working Paper No. 09-086, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1333664 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1333664

Lakshmi Iyer (Contact Author)

Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit ( email )

Cambridge, MA
United States

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