Construction and Diagnosis of Gender
155 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2009
Date Written: January 29, 2009
Gender has become a growth industry in the academy. Gender has historically played a significant role in how the lives and fortunes of men and women are shaped. Gender serves as one of the most significant identifying labels throughout the life span. Human differentiation on the basis of gender is a fundamental phenomenon that affects virtually every aspect of people's daily lives. Gender development is a fundamental issue because some of the most important aspects of people's lives, such as the talents they cultivate, the conceptions they hold of themselves and others, the socio-structural opportunities and constraints they encounter, and the social life and occupational paths they pursue are heavily prescribed by societal gender-typing. It is the primary basis on which people get differentiated with pervasive effects on their daily lives. Theoretical exploration of gender development can take many different forms. Over the years several major theories have been proposed to explain gender development. The theories differ on several important dimensions. Keeping in view importance of theme the monograph has been prepared.
The monograph explores the various approaches to theorising gender, as they have evolved in recent decades. It then explains a range of key concepts like theory of gender development, gender identity: masculinity/femininity, gender and socialization and gender roles, gender prejudice and stereotypes etc. The present monograph explores the psychosocial determinants and mechanisms by which society socializes male and female infants into masculine and feminine adults, gender socialization roles, Gender Prejudice and Stereotypes. It specifies how gender conceptions are constructed from the complex mix of experiences and how they operate in concert with motivational and self-regulatory mechanisms to guide gender-linked conduct throughout the life course. The theory integrates psychological and sociostructural determinants within a unified conceptual structure.
Keywords: gender as a concept, theory of gender development, gender identity, masculinity/femininity, gender and socialization and gender roles, gender prejudice and stereotypes
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