Crime Control Technologies: Towards an Analytical Framework and Research Agenda
REGULATING TECHNOLOGIES, R. Brownsword, K. Yeung, eds., Oxford Hart Publishing, 2008
30 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2009
Date Written: January, 30 2009
The substantive focus of this chapter-crime control technologies - can be stated simply enough, but this simplicity is deceptive for several reasons. Firstly, technology - which we define as the application of scientific knowledge, materials, techniques, systems, methods of organisation and the use of electronic and mechanical devices - is ubiquitous in contemporary criminal justice, as it is in many other spheres of human activity. Therefore the range of types of technical devices that we might write about is extremely wide. Secondly, as Marx suggests, throughout history crime control has been a motor for technological innovation in many apparently unrelated areas; therefore the boundaries of the field are fuzzy. Thirdly, the range of technological applications in the criminological field is incredibly wide and includes the management and communication of information, physical defence against crime, surveillance, public order maintenance, crime prevention and detection, criminal justice administration, and punishment. We have, it seems, carved out an impossibly wide brief and can do little more here than to provide a descriptive overview of the technological applications studied by criminologists, to describe the legal framework within which crime control technologies are developing, to raise some questions about the ways in which technology is changing the criminal justice system as a system and make some suggestions for inter-disciplinary research.
Keywords: Crime Control, Regulation, Human Rights, Technology
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation