Study on Microbial Diversity of Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, India

The Icfai University Journal of Life Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 34-41, February 2009

8 Pages Posted: 9 Feb 2009 Last revised: 27 Jul 2012

Koyani Rina

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University

Patel Hiral

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University

Patel Payal

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University

Nishith Dharaiya

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University

Patel R. K.

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University

Date Written: February 9, 2009

Abstract

The Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch is a typical ecological system with saline desert climate with least floral diversity and unique faunal diversity. The area has been declared as a wildlife sanctuary for protection of free ranging population of the Indian Wild Ass (Equus hemionus khur). The present paper explores this unique ecosystem in the light of its microbial diversity. Microorganisms were isolated from the soil samples collected from different areas of the sanctuary by enrichment isolation technique using the variables of pH and salinity. Primary characterization of soil samples was done with reference to Water Holding Capacity (WHC), pH, organic carbon, salinity and fluoride which revealed diverse and unique soil type. The isolates were further studied for morphological and biochemical heterogenecity. Due to the hyper saline and hyper alkaline environment, the investigated microflora were having dominated population including alkalophiles, halophiles and haloalkalophiles. Extremophilic isolates were further screened for extracellular enzyme in the extreme environment which suggests a possible biotechnological implication, besides the first significance in biodiversity and their role in the ecosystem.

Keywords: Saline desert, Halophiles, Alkalophiles, Haloalkalophiles

Suggested Citation

Rina, Koyani and Hiral, Patel and Payal, Patel and Dharaiya, Nishith and R. K., Patel, Study on Microbial Diversity of Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, India (February 9, 2009). The Icfai University Journal of Life Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 34-41, February 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1339775

Koyani Rina (Contact Author)

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University ( email )

Patan 384265
India

Patel Hiral

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University ( email )

Patan 384265
India

Patel Payal

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University ( email )

Patan 384265
India

Nishith Dharaiya

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University ( email )

Patan 384265
India

Patel R. K.

Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University ( email )

Patan 384265
India

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