Factors Fostering Academics to Start Up New Ventures: An Assessment of Italian Founders' Incentives
23 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2009 Last revised: 29 Apr 2009
Date Written: February 11, 2009
Why do university researchers decide to start-up a new venture? How can we distinguish between the different factors influencing such an important decision? To what extent are specific policies activated within universities relevant in the process of new venture creation? In this paper we try to answer these very significant questions, through an empirical analysis performed on a sample of 88 Italian academics involved in the creation of 47 spin-offs between 1999 and 2005. Our findings show that the availability of technologies with a potential for commercial exploitation, the possibility to access university infrastructures and the personal benefits are the most important incentives for academics. Implications for public policy and organizational processes are discussed.
Keywords: 031, 032, 038
JEL Classification: Technology transfer, Academic spin-off, Founders' incentives
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