Explaining International Differences in Genetically Modified Labeling Policies

Posted: 22 Jun 2011

See all articles by Guillaume P Gruere

Guillaume P Gruere

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Colin A. Carter

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Y. Hossein Farzin

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics; Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies (OxCarre)

Date Written: February 11, 2009

Abstract

Many countries have adopted labeling policies for genetically modified (GM) food, and the regulations vary considerably across countries.We evaluate the importance of political economic factors implicit in the choice of GM food labeling regulations. Using an analytical model, we show that production and trade-related interests play a prominent role in labeling decision-making. This conclusion is validated by an empirical analysis of GM food labeling policy choices.We find that countries producing GM crops are more likely to have less stringent labeling policies. Food and feed exporters to the European Union (EU) and Japan are more likely to have adopted stricter labeling policies. Labeling regulations in Asia and Europe are similar to those of Japan and the EU. Countries with no labeling policies are less developed, with important rural sectors and are more likely to have ratified the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.

Keywords: genetically modified (GM) food, voluntary labeling, mandatory labeling, international differences

Suggested Citation

Gruere, Guillaume P and Carter, Colin A. and Farzin, Y. Hossein, Explaining International Differences in Genetically Modified Labeling Policies (February 11, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1341353

Guillaume P Gruere (Contact Author)

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States

Colin A. Carter

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States

Y. Hossein Farzin

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States
530-752-7610 (Phone)
530-752-5614 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://farzin.ucdavis.edu/

Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies (OxCarre) ( email )

University of Oxford, Department of Economics
Manor Road
Oxford, OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.oxcarre.ox.ac.uk

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