Subscription Patterns, Offer Prices and the Underpricing of IPOs
39 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2009
Date Written: February 14, 2009
Certain unique characteristics of the Indian bookbuilding process allow us to study the timing and subscription pattern of different investor groups and to dissect underpricing into two distinct components: one relating to pre-listing, set by the underwriter and the other from the post-listing period, which is determined by the market. Our results show the presence of sequential learning among IPO investors. Retail and Non-institutional investors follow the Institutional investors' subscription patterns when bidding for shares. The transparency of the bookbuilding process in the Indian IPOs helps alleviate the winner's curse problem for the non-institutional and retail investors. We also show that market underpricing is primarily driven by the unmet demand of the non-institutional investor groups. This insight is unprecedented in the IPO literature.
Keywords: IPOs, bookbuilding, underpricing, winner's curse
JEL Classification: G11, G15, G18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation