Art and Money: Constitutional Rights in the Private Sphere?
14 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2009
Date Written: Spring 1998
The present debate on constitutional rights aims to protect the individual against the intrusive power of the state. Analysing the precarious relationship between art and money, the authors argue that constitutional rights need to be extended into the regimes of private governance. This requires four fundamental changes. (1) Constitutional rights can no longer be limited to the protection of individual actors. Instead, they need to be extended to guarantees of freedom of discourses. (2) The new experience of the twentieth century is that totalizing tendencies have their origin not only in politics, but also in other fields of action, especially in technology, science, and the economy. Thus, a discursive concept of constitutional rights should be directed against any social system with totalizing tendencies. (3) Instead of concentrating on centres of economic and social power, constitutional rights in the private sphere should focus on the specific communicative medium of the expansionist social system involved. (4) This excludes the direct analogy of a 'right' as a quasi-spatial exclusion zone. More significant guarantees of discursive autonomy could be found in a 'proceduralization' of constitutional rights.
Keywords: legal sociology, systems theory, freedom of art, constitutional rights in the private sphere, business sponsorship
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By Jiri Priban