Entrepreneurs, Investors, and Equity Financing
48 Pages Posted: 19 Feb 2009
Date Written: February 17, 2009
We develop a theoretical model of the interaction between investors and entrepreneurs in a stylized private-equity market. Analysis of the entrepreneur's and the investor's optimization problems leads to the derivation of the equilibrium ownership share accruing to the investor; comparative-static analysis of variation in this share then motivates four central hypotheses. We test these using unique data from a professionally-conducted survey of high-technology managers of start-up firms. Empirical analysis confirms the model's prediction of an inverse relationship between the ownership share yielded to the investor and the level of entrepreneurial profitability, productivity, and resources. Results also confirm a predicted positive association between ownership share and investor costs.
Keywords: Private equity, ownership, corporate governance
JEL Classification: G24
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