29 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2009
Date Written: February 2009
Tax competition within the EU is fiercer than in the rest of the OECD with tax rates falling rapidly. This paper analyzes tax responses of EU-15 countries to corporate tax changes in the EU-10 new member states as a function of their proximity to these new member states. The average corporate tax rate in the new member states has always been considerably lower than the average in the EU-15 countries. Their entry into the EU eliminated capital barriers, allowing firms to locate in one of the new EU-10 with full access to the European Market. Our results indicate that EU-15 countries geographically closer to the new member states respond stronger to corporate tax changes in these new member states. We use a theoretical and a spatial regression framework to test the hypothesis that distance to a low tax region intensifies countries' tax reaction functions.
Keywords: corporate taxes, fiscal reaction function, Spatial tax competition
JEL Classification: H25, H39, H77
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Crabbe, Karen and Vandenbussche, Hylke, Are Your Firm's Taxes Set in Warsaw? Spatial Tax Competition in Europe (February 2009). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7159. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1345685
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File name: DP7159.
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