Computational Batik Motif Generation: Innovation of Traditional Heritage by Fractal Computation

16 Pages Posted: 22 Jan 2020

See all articles by Deni Khanafiah

Deni Khanafiah

Bandung Fe Institute

Hokky Situngkir

Bandung Fe Institute; Center for Complexity in Surya University

Date Written: February 7, 2009


Human-computer interaction has been the cause of the emerging innovations in many fields, including in design and art, architectural, technological artifacts, and even traditional heritage. In the case of Indonesian traditional heritages, the computation of fractal designs has been introduced to develop batik design - the genuine textile art and skill that becomes a symbol of Indonesian culture. The uniqueness of Batik, which depicted in the richness of its motifs, is regarded as one of interesting aspect to be researched and innovated using computational techniques. Recent studies of batik motifs have discovered conjecture to the existence of fractal geometry in batik designs. This finding has given some inspiration of implementing certain fractal concepts, such escape-time fractal (complex plane) and iterated function system to generate batik motifs. We develop motif generator based upon the Collage Theorem by using Java TM platform. This software is equipped by interface that can be used by user to generate basic patterns, which could be interpreted and painted as batik motif. Experimentally, we found that computationally generated fractal motifs are appropriated to be implemented as batik motif. However, human made batik motifs are less detail and some of them differ significantly with the computationally generated ones for tools used to draw batik and human aesthetic constraints.

Keywords: batik, fractal, motif generator, human computer interaction

Suggested Citation

Khanafiah, Deni and Situngkir, Hokky, Computational Batik Motif Generation: Innovation of Traditional Heritage by Fractal Computation (February 7, 2009). Available at SSRN: or

Deni Khanafiah

Bandung Fe Institute ( email )

Jl. Cemara 63
Bandung 40161, Jawa Barat

Hokky Situngkir (Contact Author)

Bandung Fe Institute ( email )

Sarimadu Permai 175
Bandung, Jawa Barat 40164
+622282025586 (Phone)


Center for Complexity in Surya University

Jl. Boulevard Gading Serpong Blok O/1
Summarecon Serpong
Tangerang, Banten 15810

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