Transnational Spatial Dependencies in the Geography of Non-Resident Patent Filings
Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 37-60, 2011
48 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2009 Last revised: 5 Dec 2014
Date Written: December 11, 2009
This article provides new insights into how geography shapes spatio-temporal variations in the propensity of actors from particular countries to file for non-resident patents in specific foreign economies. Our major contribution is to show that, in addition to bi-lateral exports and outward foreign direct investment, the geography of non-resident patenting is shaped by transnational spatial dependencies: the cross-border patenting activity of residents from one country is influenced by the prior patenting activity of residents from third-countries. We find that domestic actors from particular countries are more likely to file for patent protection in focal foreign economies where their regional peers and, to a lesser extent, competitors from economies with similar export product structures have filed for a larger number of patents.
Keywords: patents, knowledge, imitation, economic linkages, spatial dependence
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