Child-Care and Participation in the Labor Market for Married Women in Mediterranean Countries

37 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2009

See all articles by Catia Nicodemo

Catia Nicodemo

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; University of Oxford

Robert Waldmann

Universita di Roma Tor Vergata; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)


Parents in the labor force have balance their work and home life, including the choice of the type of care to provide for their children while they work. In this paper we study the connection between the married women's labor force participation, child care arrangements and the time that husbands and wives spent to take care of children in Mediterranean countries. As more women now are in the labor force the interest in the use child care and housework of husband have grown. We use the new database from the EU-SILC (European Survey on Income and Living Conditions) in 2006 and data from the ECHP (European Community Household Panel)in 2001, because these two data-set give us different information about child care and housework. The traditional role of mothers in child care activities is highly valued by many families, especially in Southern European countries. The results show that while Mediterranean countries have advanced in the incorporation of women into the labor market, most of them still have to assume total responsibility for housework and the care of the children. Child care arrangements is an important instrument for women to enter in paid employment.

Keywords: unpaid work, child care arrangements, labor supply

JEL Classification: J13, J21, C1, C3

Suggested Citation

Nicodemo, Catia and Waldmann, Robert, Child-Care and Participation in the Labor Market for Married Women in Mediterranean Countries. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3983. Available at SSRN:

Catia Nicodemo (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Robert Waldmann

Universita di Roma Tor Vergata ( email )

Piazzale Aldo Moro 5
Roma, Rome 00185

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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