On the Interaction between Demand Substitution and Production Changeovers
Manufacturing, Services and Operations Management, Vol. 12, No. 4, , pp. 682-691, Fall 2010
16 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2009 Last revised: 27 Oct 2010
Date Written: March 5, 2009
This paper analyzes the tradeoff between (demand) substitution costs and (production) changeover costs in a discrete-time production-inventory setting using a two-product dynamic lot-sizing model with changeover, inventory carrying, and substitution costs. We first show that the problem is poly-nomially solvable and then develop several insights into the behavior of such systems and identify strategies for electively managing them. A key driver for the extent of substitution is the ratio of changeover cost to the substitution cost associated with mean demand. The interaction between changeovers and substitution is most prominent when this ratio is neither too high nor too low.
Furthermore, the value of this ratio also in°uences the length of an appropriate rolling horizon; an increase in the value of the ratio signals an increase in the length of a near-optimal rolling horizon. We identify a complementary relationship between substitution and changeover costs: when the changeover cost is large, it is better to invest in reducing the substitution cost and vice-versa. As the holding cost of the substitutable product increases, substitution is (resp., changeovers are) utilized more when the changeover (resp., substitution) cost is large.
Keywords: Multiperiod Problems; Forecast Horizons; Rolling Horizons, Decision Horizons, Planning Horizons, Solution Horizons, Forecasting, Dynamic Lot Size Models, Operations Management, Production changeover, demand substitution, downward substitution, product substitution, polynomial algorithm
JEL Classification: M11, C61, C63, C53, M30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation