Immigration and Crime: An Empirical Analysis

39 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2009

See all articles by Milo Bianchi

Milo Bianchi

University of Toulouse 1 - Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)

Paolo Buonanno

University of Bergamo

Paolo Pinotti

Bocconi University - BAFFI Center on International Markets, Money, and Regulation

Date Written: December 12, 2008

Abstract

In this paper we examine the empirical relationship between immigration and crime across Italian provinces during the period 1990-2003. Drawing on police data, we first document that the size of the immigrant population is positively correlated with the incidence of property crimes and with the overall crime rate. We then use instrumental variables based on migration towards other European countries to identify the causal impact of exogenous changes in the immigrant population of Italy. According to these estimates, immigration increases only the incidence of robberies and has no effect on all other types of crime. Since robberies represent a very small fraction of all criminal offences, the effect on the overall crime rate is not significantly different from zero.

Keywords: immigration, crime

JEL Classification: F22, J15, K42, R10

Suggested Citation

Bianchi, Milo and Buonanno, Paolo and Pinotti, Paolo, Immigration and Crime: An Empirical Analysis (December 12, 2008). Bank of Italy Temi di Discussione (Working Paper) No. 698, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1356568 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1356568

Milo Bianchi

University of Toulouse 1 - Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) ( email )

Place Anatole-France
Toulouse Cedex, F-31042
France

Paolo Pinotti (Contact Author)

Bocconi University - BAFFI Center on International Markets, Money, and Regulation ( email )

Milano, 20136
Italy

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