32 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2009 Last revised: 19 Sep 2012
Date Written: May 2010
Financial openness is often associated with higher rates of economic growth. We show that the impact of openness on factor productivity growth is more important than the effect on capital growth. This explains why the growth effects of liberalization appear to be largely permanent, not temporary. We attribute these permanent liberalization effects to the role financial openness plays in stock market and banking sector development, and to changes in the quality of institutions. We find some indirect evidence of higher investment efficiency post-liberalization. We also document threshold effects: countries that are more financially developed or have higher quality of institutions experience larger productivity growth responses. Finally, we show that the growth boost from openness outweighs the detrimental loss in growth from global or regional banking crises.
Keywords: financial openness, growth, liberalization, productivity
JEL Classification: F30, G15, O16, O47
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Bekaert, Geert and Harvey, Campbell R. and Lundblad, Christian T., Financial Openness and Productivity (May 2010). AFA 2010 Atlanta Meetings Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1358574 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1358574