33 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2009
Date Written: March 2009
U.S. state and local governments are increasingly restricting smoking in public places. This paper analyzes nationally representative databases, including the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, to compare short-term changes in mortality and hospitalization rates in smoking-restricted regions with control regions. In contrast with smaller regional studies, we find that workplace bans are not associated with statistically significant short-term declines in mortality or hospital admissions for myocardial infarction or other diseases. An analysis simulating smaller studies using subsamples reveals that large short-term increases in myocardial infarction incidence following a workplace ban are as common as the large decreases reported in the published literature.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Shetty, Kanaka D. and DeLeire, Thomas and White, Chapin and Bhattacharya, Jay, Changes in U.S. Hospitalization and Mortality Rates Following Smoking Bans (March 2009). NBER Working Paper No. w14790. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1359506