Changes in U.S. Hospitalization and Mortality Rates Following Smoking Bans

33 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2009  

Kanaka D. Shetty

RAND Corporation

Thomas DeLeire

Professor; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Chapin White

Center for Studying Health System Change

Jay Bhattacharya

Stanford University - Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: March 2009

Abstract

U.S. state and local governments are increasingly restricting smoking in public places. This paper analyzes nationally representative databases, including the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, to compare short-term changes in mortality and hospitalization rates in smoking-restricted regions with control regions. In contrast with smaller regional studies, we find that workplace bans are not associated with statistically significant short-term declines in mortality or hospital admissions for myocardial infarction or other diseases. An analysis simulating smaller studies using subsamples reveals that large short-term increases in myocardial infarction incidence following a workplace ban are as common as the large decreases reported in the published literature.

Suggested Citation

Shetty, Kanaka D. and DeLeire, Thomas and White, Chapin and Bhattacharya, Jay, Changes in U.S. Hospitalization and Mortality Rates Following Smoking Bans (March 2009). NBER Working Paper No. w14790. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1359506

Kanaka D. Shetty

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

Thomas DeLeire

Professor ( email )

3600 N Street, NW Suite 200
Washington, DC 20057
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Chapin White

Center for Studying Health System Change ( email )

600 Maryland Ave., SW
Suite 550
Washington, DC 20024-2512
United States

Jayanta Bhattacharya (Contact Author)

Stanford University - Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research ( email )

Center for Health Policy
179 Encina Commons
Stanford, CA 94305-6019
United States
650-736-0404 (Phone)
650-723-1919 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Paper statistics

Downloads
111
Rank
202,946
Abstract Views
2,861