Project Characteristics, Organizational Structure, and Managerial Incentives
Georgia State University
Northeastern University - Finance and Insurance Area
San Jose State University
June 15, 2013
We develop a model to show how agency conflicts between shareholders and managers, information processing and learning about project quality, manager synergies and bargaining power interact to affect a firm's internal organizational structure and the incentive compensation structures of its managers. Our theory provides a novel explanation for two empirical regularities; firms typically have pyramidal organizational forms; and the pay-performance sensitivities of managers increase with their hierarchical level. We also derive a number of implications that relate the risk and profitability of a firm's pool of projects to its internal organization and the incentives of its managers. (i) The optimal breadth of a firm's organization increases with the risk of the firm's projects. (ii) The optimal height of the organization declines with risk and increases with profitability. (iii) The pay-performance sensitivities of top managers increase with profitability. (iv) The optimal height and breadth decrease with managerial bargaining power. Broadly, our study contributes to the literature on the theory of the internal organization of firms by providing insights into the organization of managers or decision-makers within firms, and the design of their incentives.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 41
Date posted: March 19, 2009 ; Last revised: June 29, 2013