International Joint Ventures, HRM and Viable Knowledge Migration
International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 624-641, 2002
18 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2009
Date Written: 2002
International joint ventures (IJVs) are an increasingly popular form of voluntary co-operation between organizations of different sizes, sectors and geographical locations to satisfy strategic purposes and manage increasingly complex business environments. However, international joint ventures may fail, and HRM plays an important role in their success or failure. From a systems perspective, IJVs offer several kinds of complexity which may contribute to the generation of con¿ ict and failure. The paper proposes that we explore the role of HRM in IJVs through viable systems theory, especially in relation to knowledge migration and organizational learning. The theory presented distinguishes between the cognitive, organizing and behavioural domains of the IJV as a system in the analysis of the relationship between types of worldview and behaviour in IJVs. It proposes a model of viable knowledge development in IJVs and its relationship to HRM, involving knowledge migration, appreciation and action, leading to organizational learning, and identi¿ es directions for future research.
Keywords: IJVs, viable systems, HRM, organizational learning, knowledge migration
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