Place-Based Policy and Rural Poverty: Insights from the Urban Spatial Mismatch Literature

Posted: 17 Mar 2009

See all articles by Mark Partridge

Mark Partridge

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Agricultural, Environmental & Development Economics

Dan S. Rickman

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater - Department of Economics & Legal Studies in Business

Date Written: April 2008

Abstract

Unless there are spatial barriers that limit adjustment, economists argue that policies to alleviate poverty should focus on poor people, not poor places. Akin to urban spatial mismatch hypotheses, we develop a distance-based friction explanation of higher rural poverty. Empirical examination of US poverty supports these frictions as partly underlying higher rural poverty. This follows from assessing the relationship between poverty and remoteness as well as labour supply responses. Higher rural poverty does not appear to be a simple result of the poor self-selecting to live in remote areas. The results suggest that place-based anti-poverty policies may be beneficial.

Keywords: place-based policy, rural poverty, economic development policy, spatial mismatch, rural-urban spillovers

JEL Classification: R12, I32, R23

Suggested Citation

Partridge, Mark D. and Rickman, Dan S., Place-Based Policy and Rural Poverty: Insights from the Urban Spatial Mismatch Literature (April 2008). Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 131-156, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1361408 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsm005

Mark D. Partridge (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Agricultural, Environmental & Development Economics ( email )

2120 Fyffe Rd
Columbus, OH 43210-1067
United States

Dan S. Rickman

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater - Department of Economics & Legal Studies in Business ( email )

201 Business Building
Stillwater, OK 74078-0555
United States

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