Media and Multi-Party Elections in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia
Forum für Sozialwissenschaften Forschung
March 24, 2009
International Journal of Human Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 84-112, 2009
In any democratic country the media serves as a watch dog of events and decisions and assists citizens to be informed about what is going on in the country. Free media also plays a very important role to conduct democratic elections. The aim of this paper is to analyse the role of the media in the African democratization process particularly in the multi-party elections that widely emerged in the continent in the 1990s. The paper investigates the contributions of the media in the emerging African democracies by using the performance of the media in the 2005 multi-party parliamentary election in Ethiopia as a case study. The paper also attempts to assess the Ethiopian press laws of 1992 and 2008, which are the only press laws in the history of the country.
Keywords: Africa, Democracy, Ethiopia, Fourth Estate, Media, Multi-party election, Press
JEL Classification: D80, D89, K19, Z00
Date posted: March 25, 2009