True Lies: The Constitutional and Evidentiary Bases for Admitting Prior False Accusation Evidence in Sexual Assault Prosecutions
50 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2009
Date Written: January 1, 2006
The admission of false accusation evidence in sexual assault prosecutions has been ruled on inconsistently by courts nationally. This article identifies the constitutional bases for admitting false accusation evidence as both impeachment and substantive (non-character) proof, and re-focuses Confrontation Clause analysis post-Crawford on the scope of the cross-examination right; offers a definition for what constitutes a false accusation and the level of proof requisite to its admission; and addresses social and policy concerns attendant to its presentation.
Keywords: false accusation, evidence, sexual assault, criminal law, cross-examination, confrontation clause
JEL Classification: K42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation