How Do Visitors Affect Crime?

19 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2009

See all articles by Earl L. Grinols

Earl L. Grinols

Baylor University - Department of Economics

David B. Mustard

University of Georgia - C. Herman and Mary Virginia Terry College of Business - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; University of Georgia Law School

Melissa Staha

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March, 25 2009

Abstract

This paper provides the most exhaustive examination of how visitors affect crime using data on National Park visitors between 1979 and 1998 and every county in the United States. After controlling for many other factors that influence crime, our county-level fixed-effect regressions consistently indicate that national park visitors have no effect on either property or violent crime. These results are true for a variety of different measures of park visitors and for different empirical specifications. We conclude that the number of National Park visitors have no impact on crime. This conclusion directly challenges the consensus in the existing research that all visitors, regardless of their type, necessarily increase crime.

Keywords: crime, visitors, tourists, casinos

JEL Classification: K42, L83

Suggested Citation

Grinols, Earl L. and Mustard, David B. and Staha, Melissa, How Do Visitors Affect Crime? (March, 25 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1368447 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1368447

Earl L. Grinols

Baylor University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 98003
Waco, TX 76798-8003
United States
(254) 710-7522 (Phone)
(254) 710-6142 (Fax)

David B. Mustard (Contact Author)

University of Georgia - C. Herman and Mary Virginia Terry College of Business - Department of Economics ( email )

Athens, GA 30602-6254
United States
706-542-3624 (Phone)
706-542-3376 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.terry.uga.edu/~dmustard/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

University of Georgia Law School

225 Herty Drive
Athens, GA 30602
United States

Melissa Staha

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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