How Do Visitors Affect Crime?
19 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2009
Date Written: March, 25 2009
This paper provides the most exhaustive examination of how visitors affect crime using data on National Park visitors between 1979 and 1998 and every county in the United States. After controlling for many other factors that influence crime, our county-level fixed-effect regressions consistently indicate that national park visitors have no effect on either property or violent crime. These results are true for a variety of different measures of park visitors and for different empirical specifications. We conclude that the number of National Park visitors have no impact on crime. This conclusion directly challenges the consensus in the existing research that all visitors, regardless of their type, necessarily increase crime.
Keywords: crime, visitors, tourists, casinos
JEL Classification: K42, L83
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation