Prisons in Africa: An Evaluation from a Human Rights Perspective
Sur International Human Rights Journal, Vol. 9, pp. 22-49, 2009
43 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2009
Date Written: March 26, 2009
While prisons in Africa are often considered the worst in the world many other prisons systems are worse off in terms of violence, overcrowding and a host of other problems. This is not to argue that African prisons are human rights friendly. Many are in a deficient condition and their practices are at odds with human rights standards. However, prisons in many parts of the world are in crisis. Never before have there been so many problems within penal systems and such large numbers of people in institutions of incarceration. This article examines the historical development of African prisons from colonial times and considers the legacy that colonialism has left in prisons on the continent. The article also examines a range of issues in prisons throughout Africa including pretrial detention, overcrowding, resources and governance, women and children in prison, and rehabilitation. A substantial amount of space is devoted to the reforms that are occurring across the continent, and recommendations are made with regard to what further reforms are necessary. The role of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights as well as the Special Rapporteur on Prisons and Conditions of Detention in Africa are also considered.
Keywords: Africa, human rights, prisons, colonialism, pre-trial prisoners, overcrowding, women, children, governance, resources, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, rehabilitation, reform
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