The State of Network Organization: A Survey in Three Frameworks
Journal of Organizational Computing, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1997
50 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2009 Last revised: 31 Mar 2009
Date Written: March 26, 2009
This article reviews the literature on network organizations and interprets explanations for its behaviors in terms of established analytical principles. Tools from computer science, economics, and sociology give three markedly different interpretations of its core attributes but they also settle on a handful of common themes. The proposed benefits are a clarification of what it means for an organization to be network structured, a few insights into its origins, and a suggestion of where the boundaries to some of its different forms might lie.
Keywords: markets versus hierarchies, decentralization, decision locus, asset specificity, vertical integration, communication, coordination costs, governance, teams, collaboration
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