Fishers, Divers, Scientists, Lawyers, and Marine Protected Areas: The U.S. Experience in Protecting Coral Reefs

Tourism in Marine Environments, Vol. 5, Nos. 2-3, pp. 89-99, 2009

FSU College of Law, Public Law Research, No. 362

FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper

11 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2009 Last revised: 3 Feb 2013

Date Written: March 30, 2009

Abstract

Coral reef tourism in the US provides significant economic benefits that exceed those of reef-based commercial and recreational fisheries. While US coral reefs are subject to a number of stressors, fishing has created the most opposition to coral reef protection. One solution is increased use of coral reef marine protected areas (MPAs), which could simultaneously improve reef-based fisheries. US law provides a number of mechanisms for creating MPAs but contains no clear policy in favor of coral reef preservation. Nevertheless, a tension between fishing and coral reef ecosystem protection has been emerging in US law, indicating that federal law should be modified to promote coral reef ecosystem preservation.

Keywords: coral reef, ecosystem, marine protected area, MPA, National Marine Sanctuary, National Marine Monument, Antiquities Act, Endangered Species Act, executive order, fishing

Suggested Citation

Craig, Robin Kundis, Fishers, Divers, Scientists, Lawyers, and Marine Protected Areas: The U.S. Experience in Protecting Coral Reefs (March 30, 2009). Tourism in Marine Environments, Vol. 5, Nos. 2-3, pp. 89-99, 2009, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research, No. 362, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1370407

Robin Kundis Craig (Contact Author)

USC Gould School of Law ( email )

699 Exposition Boulevard
Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States

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