Dependent Self-Employment as a Way to Evade Employment Protection Legislation
Small Business Economics, Forthcoming
Posted: 2 Apr 2009 Last revised: 13 Oct 2010
Date Written: November 12, 2009
This paper examines whether the strictness of employment protection legislation encourages employers to contract out work to their own paid employees by the formula of dependent self-employment, while makes transitions to independent self-employment less likely by altering the relative valuation of risk between salaried-work and self-employment in favour of the former. In conducting this analysis, discrete choice models are applied to data drawn from the European Community Household Panel from 1994 to 2001. To test our hypotheses, we include a tentative individual measure of the potential severance payment that a worker would receive in the case of dismissal, as well as aggregated variables that try to capture differences in labour market institutions and macroeconomic conditions. We find evidence for a positive impact of the strictness of employment protection legislation and the potential severance payment on transitions to dependent self-employment. The opposite effects, however, are detected for individuals becoming independent self-employed.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, self-employment, dependency, contracting out, occupational choice, labour market institutions.
JEL Classification: J24, J38, J65, K31, L24, L26
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation