The Diffusion of it in Higher Education: Publishing Productivity of Academic Life Scientists

47 Pages Posted: 3 Apr 2009

See all articles by Anne E. Winkler

Anne E. Winkler

University of Missouri at Saint Louis - Department of Economics

Sharon G. Levin

University of Missouri at Saint Louis - Department of Economics

Paula E. Stephan

Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: March 1, 2009

Abstract

This study investigates widening access to the Internet and other advancements in IT across institutions of higher education and how these advances have affected the publishing productivity of academic life scientists. What distinguishes this study is that institutional IT access is measured across a wide range of institutions and multiple IT indicators are considered: 1) the adoption of BITNET; 2) the registration of domain names (DNS); 3) the availability of the electronic journal database, JSTOR; and 4) the availability of electronic library resources. Data on life scientists are drawn from the 1983, 1995, 2001, and 2003 Survey of Doctorate Recipients. Universities and colleges are classified into several tiers, depending upon research intensity. Three hypotheses are tested: 1) IT enhances the careers of faculty, independent of tier; 2) IT improves the careers of faculty at lower-tiered relative to higher-tiered institutions; and 3) within tier, the IT revolution increases women's publication rates relative to their male counterparts. The study finds that the diffusion of IT in higher education follows the standard S-curve, with highertiered institutions innovating more quickly. Results regarding the impact of IT on the publishing productivity of life scientists provide some support for the first two hypotheses but no support for the third hypothesis.

Keywords: Diffusion, Technology, LIfe Sciences, Professional Labor Markets, Gender

JEL Classification: O33, J44, J16

Suggested Citation

Winkler, Anne E. and Levin, Sharon G. and Stephan, Paula E., The Diffusion of it in Higher Education: Publishing Productivity of Academic Life Scientists (March 1, 2009). Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Research Paper Series No. 09-01, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1372402 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1372402

Anne E. Winkler

University of Missouri at Saint Louis - Department of Economics ( email )

8001 Natural Bridge Road
St Louis, MO 63121
United States

Sharon G. Levin

University of Missouri at Saint Louis - Department of Economics ( email )

8001 Natural Bridge Road
St Louis, MO 63121
United States

Paula E. Stephan (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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